Supply Chain Management (SCM)

By: Oron Ben Nun

Supply Chain Management (SCM) is the process of managing the flow of goods, services, and information from raw material suppliers or the final product to end customers. It includes planning and managing all activities related to procurement and logistic management from the supplier’s site to the customer’s home or destination port, depending on the terms of sale. It also involves coordination and collaboration with local partners such as suppliers, agents, third-party service providers, and customers. In today’s most competitive markets, efficient and effective management of supply chain activities is crucial for an organization to maintain and enhance its competitive advantage over other players.

The primary goal of supply chain management is to ensure that goods and services reach customers efficiently and cost-effectively. To achieve this, organizations must develop and implement efficient strategies for inventory control, order fulfillment, transportation, and storage. Additionally, organizations need to consider the environmental and social impacts of their supply chain activities, as well as their economic and operational goals.

To successfully manage the complexity of the supply chain, organizations must ensure that all aspects of the supply chain are integrated, with each component operating in parallel to achieve common goals. This includes integrating activities of suppliers, manufacturers, distribution centers, logistics warehouses, dry freight companies, and customers. Supply chain management also involves the integration of technology and processes, such as tracking systems, digital communication, and data analysis.

By efficiently managing their supply chain networks, organizations can reduce costs, improve customer service, and increase profitability. In addition, supply chain management can help organizations build relationships with their partners.

Shipping by sea is the most common and cost-effective method for transporting goods from one country to another. It is used for the transfer of various items, including raw materials, manufactured goods, and food products. Turkey is no exception, with a number of ports and a long coastline making it an ideal location for maritime transportation.

When shipping from Turkey, it is important to first determine the size and weight of your shipment and choose the most suitable vessel for the task. The most common type of shipment is with container ships, which can transport large quantities of cargo in a short time, thus saving a lot of money for the importer.

Other options may include roll-on/roll-off for large shipments like vehicles, dispersed cargo, depending on the type and size of your shipment.

Regarding document preparation, Turkey requires that all shipments be accompanied by standard documents and approvals, such as the commercial invoice, certificate of origin, and product specification. Additionally, you may be asked for additional documents depending on the type of shipment. To ensure that the shipment is not delayed, it is important to ensure that all documents are valid and easily accessible when needed.

After preparing all the documents and selecting the shipping method, the next step is to determine the transit time. The overall transit time will depend on the origin and destination, as well as the type of shipping chosen. It is also important to take into account potential delays due to weather conditions or customs issues, which could cause significant delays.

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